Ambrose

   Bishop of Milan (qq.v.) from 374-397, whose multiple roles as chief opponent of Arianism (q.v.), advisor to western emperors, eloquent preacher, arranger of hymns and psalms, developer of the cult of relics, and erudite author, only hint at the enormous influence he exerted over church and state in the West, and at the originality of his life and career. Born into the highest social class, he was a respected provincial governor when the entire city acclaimed him bishop. He went from unbaptized Christian to bishop in eight days. More than any previous bishop, he played an important role in the politics of his day, as illustrated by his excommunication of Theodosios I (q.v.) after that emperor massacred thousands of civilians in Thessalonike (q.v.) in reprisal for the murder of some German troops garrisoned there. Theodosios was forced to yield to the penance Ambrose imposed on him, and, thus, yield to Ambrose's insistence that the church is independent from the state, and even superior to it in questions of faith and morals. He exerted a great influence on Augustine (q.v.), who writes (in the Confessions, Book Five, Chapter 13) of Ambrose's kindness, generosity, erudition, and eloquence.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Ambrose — Ambrose, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 320 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 3.068713 sq. miles (7.947931 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.059073 sq. miles (0.152998 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.127786 sq. miles (8.100929 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ambrose, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 320 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 3.068713 sq. miles (7.947931 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.059073 sq. miles (0.152998 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.127786 sq. miles (8.100929 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ambrose, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 23 Housing Units (2000): 41 Land area (2000): 1.066316 sq. miles (2.761745 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.066316 sq. miles (2.761745 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ambrose — masc. proper name, from L. Ambrosius, from Gk. ambrosios immortal, belonging to the immortals (see AMBROSIA (Cf. ambrosia)). The Ambrosian Library in Milan is named for Saint Ambrose (d.397), bishop of Milan …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ambrose — Am brose, n. A sweet scented herb; ambrosia. See {Ambrosia}, 3. Turner. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Ambrose — m English (and Old French) form of the Late Latin name Ambrosius, from post classical Greek Ambrosios ‘immortal’. This was borne by various early saints, most notably a 4th century bishop of Milan. The name has never been common in England, but… …   First names dictionary

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